Monday, February 28, 2011

Studies of Adverse Reactions after HepB Vaccination

© Dr. Tenpenny


Here is a review of the Hepatitis B illness and vaccine:

ARTICLES ABOUT ADVERSE EVENTS THAT FOLLOWED HEPATITIS B VACCINATION 

1. DeJonckere PH, de Surgeres GG. Acute tinnitus and permanent audiovestibular damage after hepatitis B vaccination. Int Tinnitus J. 2001;7(1):59-61. 

2. Nuevo H, Nascimento-Carvalho CM, Athayde-Oliveira CP, Lyra I, Moreira LM. Thrombocytopenic purpura after hepatitis B vaccine: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2004 Feb;23(2):183-4. Review. 

3. De Schryver A, De Gendt K, Francois G, Van Damme P, Meheus A. Hepatitis B surface antigenaemia following vaccination with a combined vaccine against hepatitis A and B. J Viral Hepat. 2004 Jan;11(1):88-90. 

4. Louzir B, Othmani S, Battikh R, Ben Abdelhafidh N, Bahri M, Taalouche L, Bahri M. [Myasthenia after hepatitis B vaccination] Therapie. 2003 Jul-Aug;58(4):378-9. French. 

5. Miron D, Fink D, Hashkes PJ. Kawasaki disease in an infant following immunisation with hepatitis B vaccine. Clin Rheumatol. 2003 Dec;22(6):461-3. Epub 2003 Oct 07. 

6. Jastaniah WA, Dobson S, Lugsdin JG, Petty RE. Complex regional pain syndrome after hepatitis B vaccine. J Pediatr. 2003 Dec;143(6):802-4. 

7. Chave T, Neal C, Camp R. Henoch-Schonlein purpura following hepatitis B vaccination. J Dermatolog Treat. 2003 Sep;14(3):179-81. 

8. Bantz PM, Peiser C, Groneberg DA. Peripheral neurological symptoms after hepatitis B virus vaccination. QJM. 2003 Aug;96(8):611. 

9. Koh KJ, Warren L, Moore L, James C, Thompson GN. Wells' syndrome following thiomersal-containing vaccinations. Australas J Dermatol. 2003 Aug;44(3):199-202. 

10. Fonseca LF, Noce TR, Teixeira ML, Teixeira AL Jr, Lana-Peixoto MA. Early-onset acute transverse myelitis following hepatitis B vaccination and respiratory infection: case report. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2003 Jun;61(2A):265-8. Epub 2003 Jun 09. 

11. Bourgeais AM, Dore MX, Croue A, Leclech C, Verret JL. [Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa following hepatitis B vaccination] Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2003 Feb;130(2 Pt 1):205-7. French. 

12. Davis AR, Brotchie HL, Mundkur BA, Ismay SL. Transient hepatitis B surface antigenemia in a blood donor after a combination hepatitis A and B vaccine. Transfusion. 2003 Apr;43(4):545. 

13. Chen HB, Fang DX, Li FQ, Jing HY, Tan WG, Li SQ. A novel hepatitis B virus mutant with A-to-G at nt551 in the surface antigen gene. World J Gastroenterol. 2003 Feb;9(2):304-8. 

14. Erbagci Z. Childhood bullous pemphigoid following hepatitis B immunization. J Dermatol. 2002 Dec;29(12):781-5. 

15. Arkachaisri T. Serum sickness and hepatitis B vaccine including review of the literature. J Med Assoc Thai. 2002 Aug;85 Suppl 2:S607-12. Review. 

16. Guis S, Mattei JP, Nicoli F, Pellissier JF, Kaplanski G, Igarella-Branger D, Manez GC, Antipoff GM, Roudier J. Identical twins with macrophagic myofasciitis: genetic susceptibility and triggering by aluminic vaccine adjuvants? Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Oct 15;47(5):543-5. 

17. Vital C, Vital A, Gbikpi-Benissan G, Longy-Boursier M, Climas MT, Castaing Y, Canron MH, Le Bras M, Petry K. Postvaccinal inflammatory neuropathy: peripheral nerve biopsy in 3 cases. J Peripher Nerv Syst. 2002 Sep;7(3):163-7. 

18. Stavrianeas NG, Katoulis AC, Kanelleas A, Hatziolou E, Georgala S. Papulonodular lichenoid and pseudolymphomatous reaction at the injection site of hepatitis B virus vaccination. Dermatology. 2002;205(2):166-8. 

19. Kaygusuz S, Erdemoglu AK, Koksal I. Afebrile convulsion in an adult after recombinant hepatitis B vaccination. Scand J Infect Dis. 2002;34(4):314-5. 

20. Cabrera-Gomez JA, Echazabal-Santana N, Garcia Gonzalez L, Ramos Cedeno AM, Rodriguez Roque MO, Lopez Hernandez O, Cabrera Nunez JA, Gonzalez De La Nuez J, Tellez L. [A severe episode in a patient with recurrent disseminated acute encephalitis due to vaccination against hepatitis B. For or against vaccination?]Rev Neurol. 2002 Feb 16-28;34(4):358-63. Spanish. 

21. Daramola OO, Ogunbiyi AO, George AO. Lichen planus following hepatitis B vaccination in an African girl. Trop Doct. 2002 Apr;32(2):117-8. 

22. Pennesi M, Torre G, Del Santo M, Sonzogni A. Glomerulonephritis after recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002 Feb;21(2):172-3. 

23. Andiran N, Senturk GB, Bukulmez G. Combined vaccination by measles and hepatitis B vaccines: a new cause of Gianotti-Crosti syndrome. Dermatology. 2002;204(1):75-6. Review. 

24. Beretta L, Caronni M, Vanoli M, Scorza R. Churg-Strauss vasculitis with brain involvement following hepatitis B vaccination. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2001 Nov-Dec;19(6):757. 

25. Fineschi S. Can recombinant anti-hepatitis B vaccine be a cause of systemic lupus erythematosus? Lupus. 2001;10(11):830. 

26. Karaali-Savrun F, Altintas A, Saip S, Siva A. Hepatitis B vaccine related-myelitis? Eur J Neurol. 2001 Nov;8(6):711-5. 

27. Schwarzwald H, Kline NE. False positive hepatitis B surface antigen test caused by hepatitis B vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Nov;20(11):1101-2.

28. Diaz B, Nunez M, Soriano V. [Acute hepatitis B in a previously vaccinated patient infected by the human immunodeficiency virus]Med Clin (Barc). 2001 Oct 27;117(13):518-9. Spanish. 

29. Voigt U, Baum U, Behrendt W, Hegemann S, Terborg C, Strobel J. [Neuritis of the optic nerve after vaccinations against hepatitis A, hepatitis B and yellow fever]Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd. 2001 Oct;218(10):688-90. German. 

30. Konstantinou D, Paschalis C, Maraziotis T, Dimopoulos P, Bassaris H, Skoutelis A. Two episodes of leukoencephalitis associated with recombinant hepatitis B vaccination in a single patient. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Nov 15;33(10):1772-3. Epub 2001 Oct 10. 

31. Legout L, Hachulla E, Cherin P, Poiriez J, Queyrel V, Michon-Pasturel U, Devulder B. [Autoimmune diseases and vaccination against hepatitis B: should our patients be vaccinated?] Rev Med Interne. 2001 Apr;22(4):402-5. Review. French. 

32. Al-Khenaizan S. Lichen planus occurring after hepatitis B vaccination: a new case. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001 Oct;45(4):614-5. 

33. Ashok Shenoy K, Prabha Adhikari MR, Chakrapani M, Shenoy D, Pillai A. Pancytopenia after recombinant hepatitis B vaccine--an Indian case report. Br J Haematol. 2001 Sep;114(4):955. 

34. Froehlich H, Verma R. Arthus reaction to recombinant hepatitis B virus vaccine. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Sep 15;33(6):906-8. Epub 2001 Aug 21. 

35. Sindern E, Schroder JM, Krismann M, Malin JP. Inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy with spinal cord involvement and lethal [correction of letal] outcome after hepatitis B vaccination. J Neurol Sci. 2001 May 1;186(1-2):81-5. 

36. Lee KM, Kim YS, Ko YY, Yoo BM, Lee KJ, Kim JH, Hahm KB, Cho SW. Emergence of vaccine-induced escape mutant of hepatitis B virus with multiple surface gene mutations in a Korean child. J Korean Med Sci. 2001 Jun;16(3):359-62. 

37. Hostetler L. Vaccinations and multiple sclerosis. N Engl J Med. 2001 Jun 7;344(23):1795. 

38. Zaas A, Scheel P, Venbrux A, Hellmann DB. Large artery vasculitis following recombinant hepatitis B vaccination: 2 cases. J Rheumatol. 2001 May;28(5):1116-20. 

39. Usman A, Kimyai-Asadi A, Stiller MJ, Alam M. Lichenoid eruption following hepatitis B vaccination: first North American case report. Pediatr Dermatol. 2001 Mar-Apr;18(2):123-6. 

40. Authier FJ, Cherin P, Creange A, Bonnotte B, Ferrer X, Abdelmoumni A, Ranoux D, Pelletier J, Figarella-Branger D, Granel B, Maisonobe T, Coquet M, Degos JD, Gherardi RK. Central nervous system disease in patients with macrophagic myofasciitis. Brain. 2001 May;124(Pt 5):974-83. 

41. Conesa V, Nunez Mf, Navarro JF, Mompel A, Ruiz J, Gomez A. Thrombocytopenic Purpura after Recombinant Hepatitis B Vaccine. A rare association. Haematologica. 2001 Mar;86(3):E09. 

42. Saadoun D, Cacoub P, Mahoux D, Sbai A, Piette JC. Postvaccine vasculitis: a report of three cases] vasculitis. Rev Med Interne 2001 Feb;22(2):172-6. Review. French. 

43. Shapiro E, Kopicky J. Comment on the article "can immunization precipitate connective tissue disease? Report of 5 cases of systemic lupus erythematosus and review of the literature". Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2000 Dec;30(3):215-6. Review. 

44. Yoshida EM, Ramji A, Erb SR, Davis JE, Steinbrecher UP, Sherlock CH,Scudamore CH, Chung SW, Williams M, Gutfreund KS. De novo acute hepatitis B infection in a previously vaccinated liver transplant recipient due to a strain of HBV with a Met 133 Thr mutation in the "a" determinant. Liver. 2000 Oct;20(5):411-4. 

45. Sinsawaiwong S, Thampanitchawong P. Guillain - Barre' syndrome following recombinant hepatitis B vaccine and literature review. J Med Assoc Thai. 2000 Sep;83(9):1124-6. Review. 

46. Agrawal S, Garg VK, Joshi A, Agarwalla A, Sah SP. Lichen planus after HBV vaccination in a child: a case report from Nepal. J Dermatol. 2000 Sep;27(9):618-20. 

47. Iniguez C, Mauri JA, Larrode P, Lopez del Val J, Jerico I, Morales F. [Acute transverse myelitis secondary to hepatitis B vaccination]Rev Neurol. 2000 Sep 1-15;31(5):430-2. Spanish. 

48. Viallard JF, Boiron JM, Parrens M, Moreau JF, Ranchin V, Reiffers J, Leng B, Pellegrin JL. Severe pancytopenia triggered by recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Br J Haematol. 2000 Jul;110(1):230-3. 

49. Schmutz JL, Posth M, Granel F, Trechot P, Barbaud A. [Localized scleroderma after hepatitis B vaccination]Presse Med. 2000 May 27-Jun 3;29(19):1046. French. 

50. Pemberton MN, Sloan P, Thakker NS. Oral lichenoid lesions after hepatitis B vaccination. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000 Jun;89(6):717-9. Review. 

51. Loche F, Schwarze HP, Thedenat B, Carriere M, Bazex J. Erythema multiforme associated with hepatitis B immunization. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2000 Mar;25(2):167-8. No abstract available. 

52. Lunn ER, Hoggarth BJ, Cook WJ. Prolonged hepatitis B surface antigenemia after vaccination. Pediatrics. 2000 Jun;105(6):E81. 

53. Kakar A, Sethi PK. Guillain Barre syndrome associated with hepatitis B vaccination. Indian J Pediatr. 1997 Sep-Oct;64(5):710-2. 

54. De Keyser F, Naeyaert JM, Hindryckx P, Elewaut D, Verplancke P, Peene I, Praet M, Veys E. Immune-mediated pathology following hepatitis B vaccination. Two cases of polyarteritis nodosa and one case of pityriasis rosea-like drug eruption. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2000 Jan-Feb;18(1):81-5. 

55. Islek I, Cengiz K, Cakir M, Kucukoduk S. Nephrotic syndrome following hepatitis B vaccination. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000 Jan;14(1):89-90. 

56. Muller A, Kertzscher F, Kiefel V, Lenk H. Thrombocytopenic purpura: adverse reaction to a combined immunization (recombinant hepatitis B and measles-mumps-rubella-vaccine) and after therapy with Co-trimoxazole. Eur J Pediatr. 1999 Dec;158 Suppl 3:S209-10. 

57. Casals JL, Vazguez MA. [Arthritis induced by antihepatitis B vaccine]An Med Interna. 1999 Nov;16(11):601-2. Spanish. 

58. Stewart O, Chang B, Bradbury J. Simultaneous administration of hepatitis B and polio vaccines associated with bilateral optic neuritis. Br J Ophthalmol. 1999 Oct;83(10):1200-1. No abstract available. 

59. Fledelius HC. Unilateral papilloedema after hepatitis B vaccination in a migraine patient. A case report including forensic aspects. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 1999 Dec;77(6):722-4. 

60. Schupp P, Vente C. Lichen planus following hepatitis B vaccination. Int J Dermatol. 1999 Oct;38(10):799-800. 

61. Zeller A. [Insufficient immune response to hepatitis B-vaccination--causes? Patient: a 52-year-old housewife] Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax. 1999 Sep 9;88(37):1497-8. German. 

62. Creange A, Temam G, Lefaucheur JP. Lumbosacral acute demyelinating polyneuropathy following hepatitis B vaccination. Autoimmunity. 1999;30(3):143-6. 

63. Renard JL, Guillamo JS, Ramirez JM, Taillia H, Felten D, Buisson Y. [Acute transverse cervical myelitis following hepatitis B vaccination. Evolution of anti-HBs antibodies]Presse Med. 1999 Jul 3-10;28(24):1290-2. French. 

64. Lliminana C, Soler JA, Melo M, Roig I. [Hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenic purpura after the administration of the recombinant hepatitis B vaccine]Med Clin (Barc). 1999 Jun 12;113(1):39. Spanish. 

65. Ajithkumar K, Anand U, Pulimood S, Chandi SM, George S, Jacob CK, Thomas PP. Vaccine-induced necrobiotic granuloma. Clin Exp Dermatol. 1998 Sep;23(5):222-4. 

66. Rebora A, Rongioletti F, Drago F, Parodi. Lichen planus as a side effect of HBV vaccination. Dermatology. 1999;198(1):1-2. Review. Erratum in: Dermatology 1999;198(2):222. 

67. Lasheras Carbajo MD, Palacios Diez M, Gonzalez Diego P, Martin Scapa MA, Cano Ruiz A, Asensio Vegas A. [A case of intense cytolysis following the administration of a hepatitis B vaccine]Rev Clin Esp. 1999 Jan;199(1):49-50. Review. Spanish. 

68. Bardazzi F, Landi C, Orlandi C, Neri I, Varotti C. Graham Little-Piccardi-Lasseur syndrome following HBV vaccination. Acta Derm Venereol. 1999 Jan;79(1):93. 

69. McKenna KE. Eczematous reaction to hepatitis B vaccine. Contact Dermatitis. 1999 Mar;40(3):158-9. 

70. Poulton JK, Kauffman CL, Lutz LL, Sina B. Solitary mastocytoma arising at a hepatitis B vaccination site. Cutis. 1999 Jan;63(1):37-40. 

71. Rabaud C, Barbaud A, Trechot P. First case of erythermalgia related to hepatitis B vaccination. J Rheumatol. 1999 Jan;26(1):233-4. No abstract available. 

72. Le Hello C, Cohen P, Bousser MG, Letellier P, Guillevin L. Suspected hepatitis B vaccination related vasculitis. J Rheumatol. 1999 Jan;26(1):191-4. Review. 

73.B ourges JL, Pisella PJ, Laurens C, Limon S. [Multifocal placoid epitheliopathy and anti-hepatitis B vaccination]J Fr Ophtalmol. 1998 Nov;21(9):696-700. French. 

74. Fernandez-Funez A, Polo Romero FJ. [Juvenile dermatomyositis concomitant with hepatitis B vaccination]Med Clin (Barc). 1998 Nov 21;111(17):675. Spanish. 

75. Sebag O, Bolla G, Bebin B, Sebag F. [Exacerbation of chronic juvenile arthritis induced by hepatitis B vaccination]Arch Pediatr. 1998 Sep;5(9):1046. French. 

76. Bui-Quang D, Thomas E, Riols M, Levillain P, Picaud D, Sechet A, Baron M, Verove C. [Cutaneous vasculitis after hepatitis B vaccination with recombinant vaccine in a renal transplant patient]Presse Med. 1998 Sep 12;27(26):1321-3. French. 

77. Grasland A, Le Maitre F, Pouchot J, Hazera P, Bazin C, Vinceneux P. [Adult-onset Still's disease after hepatitis A and B vaccination?]Rev Med Interne. 1998 Feb;19(2):134-6. French. 

78. Skowron F, Grezard P, Berard F, Balme B, Perrot H. Persistent nodules at sites of hepatitis B vaccination due to aluminium sensitization. Contact Dermatitis. 1998 Sep;39(3):135-6. 

79. Masse I, Descoffres MC. [Hypersensitivity vasculitis after hepatitis B vaccination]Presse Med. 1998 Jun 6;27(20):965-6. French. 

80. Ferrando MF, Doutre MS, Beylot-Barry M, Durand I, Beylot C. Lichen planus following hepatitis B vaccination. Br J Dermatol. 1998 Aug;139(2):350. 

81. Finielz P, Lam-Kam-Sang LF, Guiserix J. Systemic lupus erythematosus and thrombocytopenic purpura in two members of the same family following hepatitis B vaccine. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1998 Sep;13(9):2420-1. 

82. Wolf F, Grezard P, Berard F, Clavel G, Perrot H. Generalized granuloma annulare and hepatitis B vaccination. Eur J Dermatol. 1998 Sep;8(6):435-6. 

83. Vanoli M, Gambini D, Scorza R. A case of Churg-Strauss vasculitis after hepatitis B vaccination. Ann Rheum Dis. 1998 Apr;57(4):256-7. 

84. Ozdemir S, Bakkaloglu A, Oran O. Nephrotic syndrome associated with recombinant hepatitis B vaccination: a causal relationship or just a mere association? Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1998 Jul;13(7):1888-9. 

85. Lovestad A, Berggren L, Stenlund G. Transient HBsAg detected after immunization with Engerix B. Scand J Infect Dis. 1997;29(6):645. 

86. Toft J, Larsen S, Toft H. Subacute thyroiditis after hepatitis B vaccination. Endocr J. 1998 Feb;45(1):135. 

87. Orlando MP, Masieri S, Pascarella MA, Ciofalo A, Filiaci F. Sudden hearing loss in childhood consequent to hepatitis B vaccination: a case report. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1997 Dec 29;830:319-21. 

88. Grezard P, Chefai M, Philippot V, Perrot H, Faisant M. [Cutaneous lupus erythematosus and buccal aphthosis after hepatitis B vaccination in a 6-year-old child]Ann Dermatol Venereol. 1996;123(10):657-9. French. 

89. Ronchi F, Cecchi P, Falcioni F, Marsciani A, Minak G, Muratori G, Tazzari PL, Beverini S. Thrombocytopenic purpura as adverse reaction to recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Arch Dis Child. 1998 Mar;78(3):273-4. 

90. Brodersen HP, Beckers B, Kohler H, Dahlmanns C, Kruska L, Larbig D. The test for hepatitis B surface antigen is transiently positive after vaccination with recombinant vaccine. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1997 Dec;12(12):2756-7. 

91. Peyriere H, Hillaire-Buys D, Pons M, Navarre C, Davy JM, Blayac JP. [Acute pericarditis after vaccination against hepatitis B: a rare effect to be known]Rev Med Interne. 1997;18(8):675-6. French. 

92. Cherian T, John TJ. No seroconversion after hepatitis B immunization. Indian Pediatr. 1997 Jun;34(6):555-6. 

93. Biacabe B, Erminy M, Bonfils P. A case report of fluctuant sensorineural hearing loss after hepatitis B vaccination. Auris Nasus Larynx. 1997 Oct;24(4):357-60. 

94. Albitar S, Bourgeon B, Genin R, Fen-Chong M, N'Guyen P, Serveaux MO,Atchia H, Schohn D. Bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis with hepatitis B vaccination. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1997 Oct;12(10):2169-70. 

95. Wise RP, Kiminyo KP, Salive ME. Hair loss after routine immunizations. JAMA. 1997 Oct 8;278(14):1176-8. 

96. Pirmohamed M, Winstanley P. Hepatitis B vaccine and neurotoxicity. Postgrad Med J. 1997 Jul;73(861):462-3. 

97. Saywell CA, Wittal RA, Kossard S. Lichenoid reaction to hepatitis B vaccination. Australas J Dermatol. 1997 Aug;38(3):152-4. Review. 

98. Song HK, Kim HC, Yun YH. Acute Myelitis after hepatitis B vaccination. J Korean Med Sci. 1997 Jun;12(3):249-51. 

99. Maillefert JF, Farge P, Gazet-Maillefert MP, Tavernier C. Mental nerve neuropathy as a result of hepatitis B vaccination. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1997 Jun;83(6):663-4. 

100. Gisserot O, Carsuzaa F, Marlier S, Morand JJ, Marrot E. [Lichen planus after hepatitis B vaccination. 3 new cases]Presse Med. 1997 May 17;26(16):760. French. 

101. Daoud MS, Dicken CH. Anetoderma after hepatitis B immunization in two siblings. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1997 May;36(5 Pt 1):779-80. 

102. Berkman N. [A case of segmentary unilateral occlusion of the central retinal vein following hepatitis B vaccination]Presse Med. 1997 Apr 26;26(14):670. French. 

103. Treves R, Lacoste L, Bontoux D, Pitrou E, Bertin P, Bonnet C. [Erosive nodular rheumatoid arthritis triggered by hepatitis B vaccination]Presse Med. 1997 Apr 26;26(14):670. French. 

104. Heinzlef O, Moguilewski A, Roullet E. [Acute aseptic meningitis after hepatitis B vaccination]Presse Med. 1997 Mar 8;26(7):328. French. 

105. Ogata N, Zanetti AR, Yu M, Miller RH, Purcell RH. Infectivity and pathogenicity in chimpanzees of a surface gene mutant of hepatitis B virus that emerged in a vaccinated infant. J Infect Dis. 1997 Mar;175(3):511-23. 

106. Bracci M, Zoppini A. Polyarthritis associated with hepatitis B vaccination. Br J Rheumatol. 1997 Feb;36(2):300-1. 

107.S oubrier M, Dubost JJ, Bielsa C, Ristori JM, Bussiere JL. [Erosive polyarthritis triggered by vaccination against hepatitis B]Presse Med. 1997 Feb 1;26(2):75. French. No abstract available. 

108. Granel B, Disdier P, Devin F, Swiader L, Riss JM, Coupier L, Harle JR, Jouglard J, Weiller PJ. [Occlusion of the central retinal vein after vaccination against viral hepatitis B with recombinant vaccines. 4 cases]Presse Med. 1997 Feb 1;26(2):62-5. French. 

109. Kerleau JM, Levesque H, Lair G, Lecomte F, Carrara O, Courtois H. [Is hepatitis B vaccination a new cause of necrotizing vasculitis?]Rev Med Interne. 1997;18(6):491-2. French. 

110. Noble JP, de Gennes C, Bousquet O. [Skin diseases related to hepatitis B vaccine]Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 1997;21(1):87. French. 

111. Ranieri VM, Dell'Erba A, Gentile A, Bruno F, La Gioia V, Spagnolo A, Sacco R, Caruso G, Antonaci S, Schiraldi O, Brienza A. Liver inflammation and acute respiratory distress syndrome in a patient receiving hepatitis B vaccine: a possible relationship? Intensive Care Med. 1997 Jan;23(1):119-21. 

112. Marsaudon E, Barrault MF. [Meningeal reaction after vaccination against hepatitis B]Presse Med. 1996 Oct 26;25(32):1561-2. French. 

113. del Rosario JF, Orenstein SR. Familial failure of hepatitis B immunization. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1996 Oct;23(3):307-11. 

114. Berkman N, Benzarti T, Dhaoui R, Mouly P. [Bilateral neuro-papillitis after hepatitis B vaccination]Presse Med. 1996 Sep 28;25(28):1301. French. 

115. Baglivo E, Safran AB, Borruat FX. Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome after hepatitis B vaccine. Am J Ophthalmol. 1996 Sep;122(3):431-2. 

116. Janzen L, Minuk GY, Fast M, Bernstein KN. Vaccine-induced hepatitis B surface antigen positivity in adult hemodialysis patients: incidental and surveillance data. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1996 Aug;7(8):1228-34. 

117. Mathieu E, Fain O, Krivitzky A. Cryoglobulinemia after hepatitis B vaccination. N Engl J Med. 1996 Aug 1;335(5):355. 

118. Devin F, Roques G, Disdier P, Rodor F, Weiller PJ. Occlusion of central retinal vein after hepatitis B vaccination. Lancet. 1996 Jun 8;347(9015):1626. 

119. Manna R, De Santis A, Oliviero A, Carnevale A, Caputo S, Pahor M, Laudisio A, Gasbarrini G. Leukoencephalitis after recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. J Hepatol. 1996 Jun;24(6):764-5. 

120. Kear TM, Wright LS. Transient hepatitis B antigenemia in hemodialysis patients following hepatitis B vaccination. ANNA J. 1996 Jun;23(3):331, 337.

121. Davis AR, Wylie BR. Hepatitis B surface antigenaemia in a child after vaccination. Med J Aust. 1996 Apr 15;164(8):510. 

122. Cathebras P, Cartry O, Lafage-Proust MH, Lauwers A, Acquart S, Thomas T, Rousset H. Arthritis, hypercalcemia, and lytic bone lesions after hepatitis B vaccination. J Rheumatol. 1996 Mar;23(3):558-60. 

123. Dickie AS, Olszewski EH. Hepatitis B surface antigenaemia in a child after vaccination. Med J Aust. 1996 Feb 5;164(3):187. 

124. Bonfils P, Biacabe B, Potard G, Aidan D. [Fluctuant perception hearing loss after hepatitis B vaccine]Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac. 1996;113(6):359-61. French. 

125. Guiserix J. Systemic lupus erythematosus following hepatitis B vaccine. Nephron. 1996;74(2):441. 

126. Senejoux A, Roulot D, Belin C, Tsakiris L, Rautureau J, Coste T. [Acute myelitis after immunization against hepatitis B with recombinant vaccine] Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 1996;20(4):401-2. French. 

127. Germanaud J, Causse X, Trinh DH, Pfau-Fandard B, Trepo C. A case of severe cytolysis after hepatitis B vaccination. Am J Med. 1995 Jun;98(6):595-6. 

128. Kaplanski G, Retornaz F, Durand J, Soubeyrand J. Central nervous system demyelination after vaccination against hepatitis B and HLA haplotype. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1995 Jun;58(6):758-9. 

129. Lear JT, English JS. Anaphylaxis after hepatitis B vaccination. Lancet. 1995 May 13;345(8959):1249. 

130. Macario F, Freitas L, Correia J, Campos M, Marques A. Nephrotic syndrome after recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Clin Nephrol. 1995 May;43(5):349. 

131. Brezin AP, Massin-Korobelnik P, Boudin M, Gaudric A, LeHoang P. Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy after hepatitis B vaccine. Arch Ophthalmol. 1995 Mar;113(3):297-300. 

132. Tartaglino LM, Heiman-Patterson T, Friedman DP, Flanders AE. MR imaging in a case of postvaccination myelitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1995 Mar;16(3):581-2. 

133. Goffin E, Horsmans Y, Cornu C, Geubel A, Pirson Y. Acute hepatitis B infection after vaccination. Lancet. 1995 Jan 28;345(8944):263. 

134. Lefort A, Dachary D, Vergier B, Boiron G. [Lichen planus and vaccination against hepatitis B]Ann Dermatol Venereol. 1995;122(10):701-3. French. 

135. Gross K, Combe C, Kruger K, Schattenkirchner M. Arthritis after hepatitis B vaccination. Report of three cases. Scand J Rheumatol. 1995;24(1):50-2. 

136. Di Lernia V, Lo Scocco G, Bisighini G. Erythema multiforme following hepatitis B vaccine. Pediatr Dermatol. 1994 Dec;11(4):363-4. 

137. Poullin P, Gabriel B. Thrombocytopenic purpura after recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Lancet. 1994 Nov 5;344(8932):1293. 

138. Lilic D, Ghosh SK. Liver dysfunction and DNA antibodies after hepatitis B vaccination. Lancet. 1994 Nov 5;344(8932):1292-3. 

139. Ballinger AB, Clark ML. Severe acute hepatitis B infection after vaccination. Lancet. 1994 Nov 5;344(8932):1292. 

140. Aubin F, Angonin R, Humbert P, Agache P. Lichen planus following hepatitis B vaccination. Arch Dermatol. 1994 Oct;130(10):1329-30. 

141. Vautier G, Carty JE. Acute sero-positive rheumatoid arthritis occurring after hepatitis vaccination. Br J Rheumatol. 1994 Oct;33(10):991. 

142. Biasi D, Carletto A, Caramaschi P, Frigo A, Pacor ML, Bezzi D, Bambara LM. [Rheumatological manifestations following hepatitis B vaccination. A report of 2 clinical cases]Recenti Prog Med. 1994 Sep;85(9):438-40. Review. Italian. 

143. Hassan W, Oldham R. Reiter's syndrome and reactive arthritis in health care workers after vaccination. BMJ. 1994 Jul 9;309(6947):94. 

144. Deisenhammer F, Pohl P, Bosch S, Schmidauer C. Acute cerebellar ataxia after immunisation with recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Acta Neurol Scand. 1994 Jun;89(6):462-3. 

145. Mamoux V, Dumont C. [Lupus erythematosus disseminatus and vaccination against hepatitis B virus]Arch Pediatr. 1994 Mar;1(3):307-8. French. 

146. Mahassin F, Algayres JP, Valmary J, Bili H, Coutant G, Bequet D, Daly JP. [Acute myelitis after vaccination against hepatitis B]Presse Med. 1993 Dec 18;22(40):1997-8. French. 

147. Nadler JP. Multiple sclerosis and hepatitis B vaccination. Clin Infect Dis. 1993 Nov;17(5):928-9. 

148. Nagafuchi S, Tokiyama K, Kashiwagi S, Yayashi S, Imayama S, Niho Y. Eosinophilia after intradermal hepatitis B vaccination. Lancet. 1993 Oct 16;342(8877):998. 

149. Huengsberg MI, Radcliffe KW, Boxall EH. Hepatitis B infection post Engerix B vaccination. Genitourin Med. 1993 Oct;69(5):406-7. 

150. Trevisani F, Gattinara GC, Caraceni P, Bernardi M, Albertoni F, D'Alessandro R, Elia L, Gasbarrini G. Transverse myelitis following hepatitis B vaccination. J Hepatol. 1993 Sep;19(2):317-8. 

151. Brezin A, Lautier-Frau M, Hamedani M, Rogeaux O, Hoang PL. Visual loss and eosinophilia after recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Lancet. 1993 Aug 28;342(8870):563-4. 

152. Castresana-Isla CJ, Herrera-Martinez G, Vega-Molina J. Erythema nodosum and Takayasu's arteritis after immunization with plasma derived hepatitis B vaccine. J Rheumatol. 1993 Aug;20(8):1417-8. 

153. Challapalli M, Naidu V, Cunningham DG. Hepatitis B surface antigenemia in a newborn infant after vaccination. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1993 May;12(5):408-9. 

154. Allen MB, Cockwell P, Page RL. Pulmonary and cutaneous vasculitis following hepatitis B vaccination. Thorax. 1993 May;48(5):580-1. 

155. Bensaid J, Denis F. [Benign acute pericarditis after vaccination against hepatitis B]Presse Med. 1993 Feb 20;22(6):269. French. 

156. Trevisan G, Stinco G. Lichen ruber planus following HBV vaccination. Acta Derm Venereol. 1993 Feb;73(1):73. 

157. Carmeli Y, Oren R. Hepatitis B vaccine side-effect. Lancet. 1993 Jan 23;341(8839):250-1. 

158. Martinez E, Domingo P. Evans's syndrome triggered by recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Dec;15(6):1051. 

159. Waters JA, Kennedy M, Voet P, Hauser P, Petre J, Carman W, Thomas HC. Loss of the common "A" determinant of hepatitis B surface antigen by a vaccine-induced escape mutant. J Clin Invest. 1992 Dec;90(6):2543-7. 

160. Ganry O, Lerailler F, Vercelletto M, Chiffoleau A, Larousse C. [Peripheral facial paralysis following vaccination against hepatitis B. Apropos of a case]Therapie. 1992 Sep-Oct;47(5):437-8. French. 

161. Lee DA, Eby WC, Molinaro GA. HIV false positivity after hepatitis B vaccination. Lancet. 1992 Apr 25;339(8800):1060. 

162. Doody L. Nonconversion after hepatitis vaccination. J Emerg Nurs. 1992 Apr;18(2):98. 

163. Wakeel RA, White MI. Erythema multiforme associated with hepatitis B vaccine. Br J Dermatol. 1992 Jan;126(1):94-5. 

164. Tudela P, Marti S, Bonal J. Systemic lupus erythematosus and vaccination against hepatitis B. Nephron. 1992;62(2):236. 

165. Herroelen L, de Keyser J, Ebinger G. Central-nervous-system demyelination after immunisation with recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Lancet. 1991 Nov 9;338(8776):1174-5. 

166. Hudson TJ, Newkirk M, Gervais F, Shuster J. Adverse reaction to the recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1991 Nov;88(5):821-2. Erratum in: J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1993 Sep;92(3):498. 

167. Noel I, Galloway A, Ive FA. Hypersensitivity to thiomersal in hepatitis B vaccine. Lancet. 1991 Sep 14;338(8768):705. 

168. Levi GC, de Mendonca JS, Granato C. Hepatitis B virus infection in a successfully immunized patient. Vaccine. 1991 Mar;9(3):216. 

169. Harrison TJ, Hopes EA, Oon CJ, Zanetti AR, Zuckerman AJ. Independent emergence of a vaccine-induced escape mutant of hepatitis B virus. J Hepatol. 1991;13 Suppl 4:S105-7. 

170. Carey W, Pimentel R, Westveer MK, Vogt D, Broughan T. Failure of hepatitis B immunization in liver transplant recipients: results of a prospective trial. Am J Gastroenterol. 1990 Dec;85(12):1590-2. 

171. Cockwell P, Allen MB, Page R. Vasculitis related to hepatitis B vaccine. BMJ. 1990 Dec 1;301(6763):1281. 

172. Rogerson SJ, Nye FJ. Hepatitis B vaccine associated with erythema nodosum and polyarthritis. BMJ. 1990 Aug 11;301(6747):345. 

173. Cosnes A, Flechet ML, Revuz J. Inflammatory nodular reactions after hepatitis B vaccination due to aluminium sensitization. Contact Dermatitis. 1990 Aug;23(2):65-7. 

174. Reutens DC, Dunne JW, Leather H. Neuralgic amyotrophy following recombinant DNA hepatitis B vaccination. Muscle Nerve. 1990 May;13(5):461. 

175. Hutteroth TH, Quast U. [Aluminum hydroxide granuloma following hepatitis B vaccination]Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1990 Mar 23;115(12):476. German. 

176. Ciaccio M, Rebora A. Lichen planus following HBV vaccination: a coincidence? Br J Dermatol. 1990 Mar;122(3):424. 

177. Hartman S. Convulsion associated with fever following hepatitis B vaccination. J Paediatr Child Health. 1990 Feb;26(1):65. 

178. Rietschel RL, Adams RM. Reactions to thimerosal in hepatitis B vaccines. Dermatol Clin. 1990 Jan;8(1):161-4. 

179. Goolsby PL. Erythema nodosum after Recombivax HB hepatitis B vaccine. N Engl J Med. 1989 Oct 26;321(17):1198-9. 

180. Brightman CA, Scadding GK, Dumbreck LA, Latchman Y, Brostoff J. Yeast-derived hepatitis B vaccine and yeast sensitivity. Lancet. 1989 Apr 22;1(8643):903. 

181. Tuohy PG. Guillain-Barre syndrome following immunisation with synthetic hepatitis B vaccine. N Z Med J. 1989 Mar 8;102(863):114-5. 

182. Biron P, Montpetit P, Infante-Rivard C, Lery L. Myasthenia gravis after general anesthesia and hepatitis B vaccine. Arch Intern Med. 1988 Dec;148(12):2685. 

183. Steinemann TL, Koffler BH, Jennings CD. Corneal allograft rejection following immunization. Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Nov 15;106(5):575-8. 

184. Le Goff P, Fauquert P, Youinou P, Hoang S. [Periarteritis nodosa following vaccination against hepatitis B]Presse Med. 1988 Oct 8;17(34):1763. French. 

185. Bortolotti F, Crivellaro C, Pornaro E, Realdi G. Hepatitis B in a nonresponder to hepatitis B vaccine. Infection. 1988 Mar-Apr;16(2):119-20.

186. Fried M, Conen D, Conzelmann M, Steinemann E. Uveitis after hepatitis B vaccination. Lancet. 1987 Sep 12;2(8559):631-2. 

187. Lohiya G. Asthma and urticaria after hepatitis B vaccination. West J Med. 1987 Sep;147(3):341. No abstract available. 

188. Christau B, Helin P. [Reactive arthritis following vaccination against hepatitis B]Ugeskr Laeger. 1987 Jul 6;149(28):1882. Danish. 

189. Di Giusto CA, Bernhard JD. Erythema nodosum provoked by hepatitis B vaccine. Lancet. 1986 Nov 1;2(8514):1042. 

190. Ring J. Exacerbation of eczema by formalin-containing hepatitis B vaccine in formaldehyde-allergic patient. Lancet. 1986 Aug 30;2(8505):522-3. 

191. Woernle CH, Taylor M, Wooldridge TD, Cox JW. Hepatitis B infection in a vaccinated renal dialysis staff worker. Infect Control. 1986 Jan;7(1):9. 

192. Beasley RP, Hwang LY. Abnormal immunologic response to hepatitis B in two brothers--a genetic effect? J Infect Dis. 1985 Dec;152(6):1356. 

193. De Silva L, Rogers M. Hepatitis B vaccine: urticarial reaction. Med J Aust. 1985 Sep 30;143(7):323-4. 

194. Rajendran V, Brooks AP. Symptomatic reaction to hepatitis B vaccine with abnormal liver function values. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1985 May 18;290(6480):1476. 

195. Snider GB, Gogate SA. A possible systemic reaction to hepatitis B vaccine. JAMA. 1985 Mar 1;253(9):1260-1. 

196. Goldwater PN. Hypersensitivity to intradermal hepatitis B vaccine. Lancet. 1984 Nov 17;2(8412):1156. 

197. Feldshon SD, Sampliner RE. Reaction to hepatitis B virus vaccine. Ann Intern Med. 1984 Jan;100(1):156-7. 

198. Ribera EF, Dutka AJ. Polyneuropathy associated with administration of hepatitis B vaccine. N Engl J Med. 1983 Sep 8;309(10):614-5."

Wednesday, February 23, 2011

The House can Wait

"Everybody today seems to be in such a terrible rush, anxious for greater developments and greater riches and so on, so children have very little time with their parents. Parents have very little time for each other, and in the home begins the disruption of the peace of the world." - Mother Theresa

Ian the day he was born.

Yesterday I was grimacing at the house. I had just cleaned it, but seemingly overnight, it morphed into a mess yet again. I hopelessly dabbed at the countertops and tossed a load of laundry into the wash, mumbling under my breath that I wanted more time to clean and wishing that my babies didn't need me. What a foolish, even if understandable, sentiment!

That night, I went to bed, thoughts of a clean house on my mind. I wished I could clean the house. Wished I could take a break from the babies.

This morning, my 5 month old pulled up to a standing position at the couch and laughed with joy.

Ian standing at 5 months. 

We wear all the hats. So much is expected of us, with so few resources and time. But in the day-to-day stress, let's not forget what life is all about, lest the most important parts of life pass us by too quickly.

If I Had My Child To Raise Over Again

If I had my child to raise all over again,
I'd build self-esteem first, and the house later.
I'd finger-paint more, and point the finger less.
I would do less correcting and more connecting.
I'd take my eyes off my watch, and watch with my eyes.
I'd take more hikes and fly more kites.
I'd stop playing serious, and seriously play.
I would run through more fields and gaze at more stars.
I'd do more hugging and less tugging.
I'd see the oak tree in the acorn more often
I would be firm less often and affirm much more
I'd model less about the love of power
And more about the power of love.

by Diane Loomans


Song for a Fifth Child

Mother, oh Mother, come shake out your cloth
empty the dustpan, poison the moth,
hang out the washing and butter the bread,
sew on a button and make up a bed.
Where is the mother whose house is so shocking?
She's up in the nursery, blissfully rocking.

Oh, I've grown shiftless as Little Boy Blue
(lullaby, rockaby, lullaby loo).
Dishes are waiting and bills are past due
(pat-a-cake, darling, and peek, peekaboo).
The shopping's not done and there's nothing for stew
and out in the yard there's a hullabaloo
but I'm playing Kanga and this is my Roo.
Look! Aren't her eyes the most wonderful hue?
(lullaby, rockaby, lullaby loo).

The cleaning and scrubbing will wait till tomorrow,
for children grow up, as I've learned to my sorrow.
So quiet down, cobwebs. Dust go to sleep.
I'm rocking my baby and babies don't keep.

by Ruth Hulburt Hamilton


To My Grown-up Son

"My hands were busy through the day
I didn't have much time to play
The little games you asked me to.
I didn't have much time for you.

"I'd wash your clothes, I'd sew and cook,
But when you'd bring your picture book
And ask me, please, to share your fun,
I'd say, 'A little later, son.'

"I'd tuck you in all safe at night,
And hear your prayers, turn out the light,
Then tiptoe softly to the door.
I wish I'd stayed a minute more.

"For life is short, and years rush past,
A little boy grows up so fast.
No longer is he at your side.
His precious secrets to confide.

"The picture books are put away,
There are no children's games to play,
No good night kiss, no prayers to hear.
That all belongs to yesteryear.

"My hands once busy, now lie still
The days are long and hard to fill.
I wish I might go back and do
The little things you asked me to."

Author unknown

"The work will wait while you show the child the rainbow, but the rainbow won't wait while you do the work." 
~Patricia Clafford


© Guggie Daly

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Nourishing a Family on a Budget

Find more activist apparel here:
http://madebymomma.spreadshirt.com/

So often I hear that yes, it is better/healthier/safer to eat organic and/or wholesome foods, but it's simply an ideal because let's face it: money is tight.

And I've heard that message bounce around in my own head, too. I'm not pointing the finger at anyone, but rather wanted to excitedly let you know that after experimenting, couponing, searching blogs, etc, I'm starting to see how simple and cheap it can be to eat wholesome, clean and healthy foods. In fact, it's become so inexpensive and tasty that DH now prefers my healthy home made dishes over eating out or eating junk.

Here is an example that I just have to share!


1 bag of organic green beans on sale: $1.00
1lb of antibiotic-free, vegetarian-fed chicken thighs (not the perfect meat, but still a better option) $2.84
1 bag of sprouted quinoa $5.99 (makes 6 servings, so only used $2.00)
1 onion $0.50
a chunk of raw ginger $0.50
a few cloves of raw garlic $0.50
Bragg liquid aminos (soy sauce replacement, unfermented, organic soy, this depends on your soy comfort) $3.99 for a whole bottle
a scoop of raw honey $5.99 for a whole bottle
a pinch of himalayan salt $3.99lb
organic cherry tomatoes (optional, some people don't like how it alters chicken adobo) $2.99 a pint

Toss everything but the green beans and quinoa into your slow cooker. About 20 minutes before dinner, add the green beans to the slow cooker and start cooking the quinoa in a different pot. (Remember to add pastured organic ghee or butter to your quinoa for an added nutritional burst!)

It's delicious! We practically inhaled this, so no photo. Next time I cook it I will snap a photo lol!

What is Quinoa?
http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?dbid=142&tname=foodspice

Why buy organic?
http://www.care2.com/greenliving/why-buy-organic-dairy-meat.html

Learn more about nourishing foods here:
http://www.westonaprice.org/

For organic couponers:
http://adventuresofathriftymama.blogspot.com/
(http://www.facebook.com/pages/Adventures-of-a-Thrifty-Mama/199234153425093?sk=wall)
http://organicdeals.blogspot.com/
http://www.organicgrocerydeals.com/forums/
http://www.organicdeals.com/
http://www.facebook.com/pages/Frugal-Living-And-Having-Fun/169868230657?v=info

Circumcision Increases the Risk of Contracting HIV

Read more commentary on the flaws of HIV studies here:
http://www.medindia.net/news/healthinfocus/Circumcision-Trials-to-Prevent-HIV-More-Hype-Than-Fact-41236-1.htm


We read headlines that suggest circumcision decreases the risk of HIV. But what if you read that circumcision increases the risk of HIV? Would you stop and stare with shock?

The African HIV studies, besides having numerous methodical flaws, are also comparing apples to oranges. In other words, we can’t take the data from Africa and accurately apply it to the demographic in America. The studies compared male to female transmission, but the majority of HIV cases in America are from male to male transmission. Also, the disease incidence and population differences have not been controlled.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) studied circumcision and HIV transmission in America, Canada and the Netherlands to get a more accurate picture.

The information we get on the study is this:
http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6283Z820100309

A lot of it is summary and commentary. But here are the actual numbers we are given:

"The findings are based on data from 4,889 men who took part in an HIV vaccine trial begun in 1998; 86 percent had been circumcised. During the three-year study, 7 percent of the men became HIV-positive.

When the researchers accounted for other factors -- including demographics, and HIV risk factors like drug use and having unprotected sex -- circumcision showed no effect on the odds of HIV transmission.

Still, Gust and her colleagues point to some limitations of their study, including the relatively small number of uncircumcised men overall and the small number of uncircumcised men who became HIV-positive during the study -- 43"

Most people read the headlines and the commentary, draw their conclusions and move on without much understanding. But what happens if we take a moment to work through the actual numbers?

4,889 men
86% circumcised
7% HIV infection rate
43 intact men became HIV infected

Doing the math:

4205 circumcised men (4,889 * .86) = 4,205
684 intact men (4,889 - 4,205) = 684
342 men infected (4,889 * .07) = 342
43 intact men infected
299 circumcised men infected (342 - 43) = 299
7.11% circumcised men infection rate (299 / 4205) = .0711
6.29% intact men infection rate (43 / 684) = .0629

When you take a moment to do the math, you find out that according to their data, circumcised men experienced a 13% increase in HIV cases.

13% increased infection rate of circumcised group (.0711 - .0629) / .0629 = .1304

But look at that headline! “Circumcision may not cut HIV spread among gay men”

Seeing as how the actual data shows an INCREASE, why is the headline so ambiguous? Why not just say, “Circumcision may increase HIV spread among gay men?”

Too shocking? Why would a reporter avoid a shocking headline?

Grab a bigger cup of coffee and do the math when you read the headlines. J

You can read a meta-analysis here:

See the same thing happening in Africa:

Doctors oppose the use of HIV prevention as an excuse for routine circumcision:

"Debunking the Circumcision Lies” by Indonesia Intactivist

 ==========================================
Debunking Penile Cancer Myth

You said that about 1400 US men get penile cancer and almost all of them were uncircumcised. The fact is that more than 80% of US men were circumcised at that time and the lifetime risk of penile cancer in USA is 1 in 1437 (1:1437 means that 1 man will get penile cancer among 1437 men). Denmark where they have a less than 1% male circumcision rate have 1 in 1964 (1:1964) lifetime penile cancer risk. Reference: "Cold CR,Storms MR,Van Howe RS. Carcinoma in site of the penis in a 76-years-old circumcised man.J Fam Pract 1997;44:407-410".

In developed countries, penile cancer is a relatively rare disease, with an incidence of approximately 1 in 100,000.The absence of RCT evidence, combined with the rarity of penile cancer, suggests that circumcision is not justified for the sole purpose of protecting against penile cancer. Reference: "Policy Statement on Circumcision. Sydney: Paediatrics and Child Health Division, Royal Australasian College of Physicians; 2004.http://www.racp.edu.au/index.cfm?objectid=A4254F55-2A57-5487-DFE129631BCB4C59.".

 ==========================================
Debunking Cervical Cancer Myth

You said that circumcision could reduce HPV infection. Then I will give the study which shows otherwise:

--- Human papillomavirus and circumcision: A meta-analysis ---
By : Robert S. Van Howe
Department of Pediatrics, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, 1414 W. Fair Avenue, Suite 226, Marquette, MI 49855, USA Accepted 8 August 2006

Summary

Background: Determine the relationship of circumcision status to the risk for genital infection with human papillomavirus (HPV).

Methods: A MEDLINE search and a review of references in published articles were used to identify publications from peer-reviewed journals in Index Medicus with data on circumcision status in patients with and without HPV infections. Inclusion criteria included diagnosis by culture, biopsy, or PCR, determination of circumcision status by physical examination, and multiple site sampling including the shaft of the penis. A meta-analysis was performed with sensitivity analyses.

Results: Sixteen articles contained data on circumcision status in patients with and without HPV infections. Eight studies used accurate diagnostic methods. ONLY THREE ARTICLES SATISFIED THE STRICT INCLUSION CRITERIA. THERE WAS NO SIGNIFICANT ASSOCIATION BETWEEN CIRCUMCISION STATUS AND HPV INFECTION (random-effects model summary effect OR Z 1.20, 95%CI Z 0.80–1.79) IN THESE THREE STUDIES. If the eight studies using accurate diagnostic methods are adjusted for the method of determining circumcision status and failure to sample the penile shaft using meta-regression the summary effects odds ratio is 1.25 (95%CI Z0.95–1.67).

Conclusions: THE MEDICAL LITERATURE DOES NOT SUPPORT THE CLAIM THAT CIRCUMCISION REDUCES THE RISK FOR GENITAL HPV INFECTION. TO CORRECTLY ASSESS THE RISK OF HPV INFECTION IN CIRCUMCISED MALES, THE PENILE SHAFT NEEDS TO BE SAMPLED FOR HPV INFECTION.
==========================================

Debunking Urinary Track Infection and Sexually Transmitted Infection Myth

Based on the recent study (January 12,2010 research) of Annals and Family Medicine,there is no RCTs that reported on the association between neonatal nontherapeutic circumcision and sexually transmitted infection, penile cancer, urinary tract infection, or HIV/AIDS could be identified. NO RCTs that reported on the association between nontherapeutic male circumcision and penile cancer or urinary tract infections could be identified.

The circumcision itself is a surgery with a risk of danger to infants, so it is a risk without established benefit.

The absence of RCT evidence, in addition to the incidence of urinary tract infection in normal boys of approximately 1% to 2%, makes it unlikely that preventive circumcision of normal boys would outweigh the adverse events associated with the procedure. Reference : "Policy Statement on Circumcision. Sydney: Paediatrics and Child Health Division, Royal Australasian College of Physicians; 2004.http://www.racp.edu.au/index.cfm?objectid=A4254F55-2A57-5487-DFE129631BCB4C59." and "Fetus and Newborn Committee, Canadian Paediatric Society. Neonatal circumcision revisited. CMAJ. 1996;154(6):769–780."

==========================================
Debunking HIV Lies

You said that male circumcision reduces the risk that men will contract HIV through intercourse with infected women by about 70 percent, according to a study reported in The Wall Street Journal (July 5, 2005).

But the more recent study shows that circumcision allegedly only reduces 53% of HIV infection in Kenya based on:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/02/070223103150.htm.

One study shows a protective effect of the prepuce (foreskin) for HIV/AIDS infection. The apocrine glands in the inner prepuce secrete a lysozyme that reportedly kills HIV-1 in vitro (Siegfried N, Muller M, Volmink J, et al. Male circumcision for prevention of heterosexual acquisition of HIV in men. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(3)CD003362).

The file below shows how the Langerhans cells protect the body from HIV infection:
http://www.circumcisionandhiv.com/files/de_Witte_2007.pdf. Langerhans cells are removed during routine infant circumcision.

A meta-analysis found that circumcised sub-Saharan African men had a significantly lower risk of acquiring HIV/AIDS after nontherapeutic male circumcision. It is not clear whether the findings from these African trials can be extrapolated to other countries with ready access to condoms and a lower prevalence of HIV/AIDS.

There are many countries in Africa where the AIDS rate in circumcised men is more than uncircumcised men.

Country,% infected circumcised men,% infected uncircumcised men :
Cameroon, 4.1, 1.1
Ghana, 1.6, 1.4
Lesotho, 22.8, 15.2
Malawi, 13.2, 9.5
Rwanda, 3.5, 2.1
Swaziland, 21.8, 19.5
Tanzania, 6.5, 5.6
Reference : National surveys (http://www.measuredhs.com/countries/)

The Uganda research which had 4,996 men aged between 15 and 49 years old participants showed that after 24 months, 964 of the original 2387 men of the circumcised men had been retained of whom 22 had contracted HIV. 980 of the 2430 uncircumcised men had been retained of whom 45 had contracted HIV

(http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=jl-11-03 Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Men in Rakai, Uganda: A Randomised Trial).

But we can’t ignore the glaring flaws in the study:

- About 40% of the participants were chosen (not randomly selected) which means degrades the standards of the study, as they could have chosen with a bias (e.g. selected healthier men to be circumcised).

- They failed to disclose that more than a third of the circumcised men were infected before the study started, and hence were not enrolled to continue in the study. The fact is that over one-third (29/79) of the circumcised men in this study were HIV-positive on entry demonstrates that transmission to circumcised men occurs in this population, and it seems extremely unlikely that heterosexual transmission did not contribute.

Reference: "HIV InSite Journal Club, April 14, 2000.Discussion of study by Quinn et al., in the New England Journal of Medicine, March 2000".

So based on this study, the real rate of HIV infection among circumcised men in Uganda is around 344 (322+22) men among 964 circumcised men.

The study (Gray R et al. Male circumcision and the risks of female HIV and sexually transmitted infections acquisition in Rakai, Uganda. Thirteenth Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Denver, abstract 128, 2006.) was an attempt to find whether circumcised men were less likely to infect their female partners with HIV.

So 299 couples where the man was intact were compared with 44 where the man was circumcised. (Yes, note the extreme group differences). After 30 months, infection rates were 7 per 100 person-years for the wives of circumcised men and 10 for the wives of intact men. This may look like a protective effect, but in statistical terms, p=0.22, meaning no statistical significance. In real terms, it can be back-calculated that 8 of the wives of circumcised men were infected. If 11 had been, the rate would be the same for both, and that difference of three infections in 30 months is too few to be considered significant.

But the study was widely reported (by Reuters) as showing that all 299 wives of intact men were infected, compared with only 44 wives of circumcised men, as if these were just the small (infected) samples of two much larger and equal samples. This makes the supposed protective effect look much greater.

Why, one wonders, was the study ever published, and why in this very misleading form?

Finally here is the research recommendation from Annals and Family Medicine:

Although approximately 30% of the global male population is circumcised, there is a paucity of high-quality evidence. 24 Depending on the indication under investigation, prospective RCTs and case-control studies should be conducted to strengthen the evidence base and allow more informed conclusions on nontherapeutic male circumcision to be drawn. 

Although the evidence for the efficacy of adult nontherapeutic male circumcision in preventing HIV/AIDS acquisition in sub-Saharan African men is strong, it is unclear whether these findings can be extrapolated to male populations in other countries. The role of adult nontherapeutic male circumcision in preventing sexually transmitted infection, urinary tract infection, and penile cancer is less clear, whereas the role of neonatal circumcision in preventing HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infection, urinary tract infection, and penile cancer is not presently supported by RCT evidence. 

Patients who request circumcision in the belief that it bestows clinical benefits must be made aware of the lack of consensus and robust evidence, as well as the potential medical and psychosocial harms of the procedure. As the efficacy of prophylactic nontherapeutic male circumcision has not been comprehensively studied in neonates, it would be inappropriate to recommend widespread neonatal circumcision for this purpose.

You can also see that the circumcision health benefit is virtually nil, study finds in Public Health Report: (http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health/circumcision-health-benefit-virtually-nil-study-finds/article1427972)
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When studying circumcision, cultural bias must be considered in order to prevent misleading results:

Circumcision practices are largely culturally determined and as a result there are strong beliefs and opinions surrounding its practice. It is important to acknowledge that researchers' personal biases and the dominant circumcision practices of their respective countries may influence their interpretation of findings. (Siegfried N, Muller M, Volmink J, Deeks J, Egger M, Low N, Weiss H, Walker S, Williamson P. Male circumcision for prevention of heterosexual acquisition of HIV in men (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2003. Oxford: Update Software.)

The fact is that pro-circumcision studies are based on cultural bias.The western researchers who support circumcision in their studies are based on Jewish and Puritan cultural biases and the eastern researchers who support circumcision in their studies are based on Islamic cultural biases. As a result, they only published the results of their studies that support circumcision, they created rushed studies with many flaws, and they avoided gold-standard, scientific studies on intact males to determine the health status of remaining intact.

Then why is HIV transmission lower in Islamic areas? First, updated findings are proving this to be untrue, or less than previously considered.


Secondly, we have to consider cultural and religious behaviors of that area:

- ritual washing before prayer
- abstinence from alcohol
- periodic abstinence from sex
- strict marital fidelity

These are all factors affecting HIV transmission.”


Additional resources on medical authority and circumcision:

A summary of worldwide Medical association position papers http://www.nocirc.org/position/

The Canadian Paediatric Society says that male neonatal circumcision should not routinely (i.e., in the absence of medical indication) be performed.33 The American Medical Association calls male neonatal circumcision a non-therapeutic procedure.34 The American Academy of Family Physicians equates male neonatal circumcision to a "cosmetic procedure."35 Male neonatal circumcision now is regarded as a non-therapeutic procedure that is totally unnecessary for a child's health and well-being. Furthermore, male neonatal non-therapeutic circumcision has significant risks and complications.36 Circumcision increases infant mortality because some babies die from complications of circumcision.37 Studies show that intact boys have better penile health during the first three years of life.39,40 Other drawbacks and disadvantages include psychological and sexual problems in adult life.40 http://www.drmomma.org/2009/12/effects-of-circumcision-on.html

The Finnish Medical Association feels that no law authorising circumcisions should be passed, and that public health care should not be obliged to perform the procedures. This view is echoed by Harry Lindahl, thinks that non-medical circumcisions for underage boys should be illegal. “I think that it would be fine to wait until a boy turns 18, when he can decide for himself”, Lindahl notes.http://www.hs.fi/english/article/Legislation%20on%20circumcision%20stalled/1135256085478

Here is the Genital Integrity Statement from doctors who oppose circumcision. It is an official, authoritative, 64 page document with an index for easy reading: http://www.doctorsopposingcircumcision.org/pdf/GenitalIntegrityStatement.pdf

A neutral medical website: http://www.caringforkids.cps.ca/babies/Circumcision.htm (Canadian Paediatric Society)

“What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Circumcision: Untold Facts on America's Most Widely Performed-and Most Unnecessary-Surgery
by M.D. Paul M. Fleiss (Author), D.Phil Frederick M. Hodges (Author) http://www.amazon.com/gp/offer-listing/0446678805/ref=sr_1_olp_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1252896640&sr=1-1

Dr Sears advises about circumcision: http://www.askdrsears.com/html/1/T012000.asp

An intact American doctor questions cultural beliefs she was raised with:
By Dr Cat Saunders --  http://tinyurl.com/2k2t3q

Circumcision Causes Lifelong Harm, Concludes New Research U.S. attorney warns doctors, "The foundation is well laid for lawsuits."http://www.prweb.com/releases/2002/06/prweb41148.htm

© Guggie Daly

Monday, February 14, 2011

In Memory of Alicyia Maryah

© Brandy Allen


"It is hard to believe that today (February 11th, 2011) would have been my daughter's 15th birthday. It's also hard to believe that it was 15 years ago that her tiny life and her short precious time here on Earth touched me in ways I could never imagine. I have wanted to share my journey about Alicyia, but I have been torn in the direction to go until now.

Her name was Alicyia Marayh and she was born at 7:50am on Sunday, February 11th, 1996. She weighed in at 5 lbs 2 oz 18 inches long (she arrived a few weeks early). From the moment she was born she was very easy going and seemed to just mold perfectly into our family. I was 21 years old and the mama of 3 precious little girls, a 3 year old (going through chemo for leukemia), a 9 month old, and a little newborn. Life was busy and hard but it was precious and my girls made me smile no matter what was happening.

On June 24th, 1996 I awoke to bright sunshine. I sat up for a minute and was surprised that I had slept so long. I glanced at the clock and saw it was after 9am. I never slept that long and usually was awake by 6am. Then something grabbed at my heart. I jumped up and ran to Alicyia's crib and picked her up as I realized that she was too still. I screamed downstairs for someone to call 911. I was certified in infant CPR and furiously began going through the steps in my head and performing them on my baby girl. I don't remember hearing sirens but before long firefighters were in my living room. I gave them my baby and watched as they tore her clothes off and continued the CPR that I had began administrating.

They asked me questions but I can't remember what they were as my eyes were focused solely on my baby. I kept asking them if she was going to be ok, but in my heart I knew the answer, knew that it had been too long for her without a breath. They didn't declare her dead and said they were taking her to the hospital. They would not let me ride in the ambulance. I called my mom who quickly arrived to take me to the hospital while my sister stayed with the other 2 girls. I remember as I was hurrying out the door I picked up her clothes that lay on the floor as well as a blanket. My mom tried to reassure me but my heart already knew.

When we arrived at the hospital, we were told that she did not make it and that it was looking like SIDS as they could see no other signs, and would declare it a official SIDS death after the autopsy was performed. A nurse then asked me if I would like to see my baby. She left me alone with her and I held her close, tears blurring my vision as I told her I loved her so much and I was so sorry that this had happened.

 I remember praying to God to give me the strength to deal with this because I did not feel like I could go on, I didn't feel like I could ever set my baby down and walk away from her. Then I felt what could only be referred to as an out of body experience. I felt myself walking with Alicyia down a brightly lit hallway. I could not see anything; it was as if I could only feel things. I was feeling warmth, love, and safety. I felt like I handed over my baby to Jesus and I had an overwhelming instinct telling me loud and clear: “Your baby is here safe in Heaven. It’s going to be ok.”

After that experience, I looked at her still body and I knew her spirit was resting in Heaven. I had no doubt no matter how sad I felt that she was safe, that there was a Heaven and a God. Of course my pain was not gone, but somehow knowing that she was resting in Heaven made the pain I felt and still feel to this day bearable. I am a human living here on Earth, far from my baby. Sometimes out of the blue the pain will strike me so deep that I gasp for air, but I know that God has a plan for each and everyone of us, even if it is difficult for us to understand. I was blessed to have her life touch mine, and I know that my faith and myself as a person have grown as a result.

Please keep in mind SIDS is not suffocation or strangulation. A death is only ruled as SIDS when no other cause can be determined.

There are many theories on how to prevent SIDS, but they are not a guarantee. A SIDS death can still occur even if your baby is sleeping on her back and in her crib (that is where Alicyia was when she passed away).

Breastfeeding and cosleeping do help to reduce the risk of SIDS! Co-sleeping is not the evil that many pediatricians make it out to be. Compare infant mortality rates for other countries that practice cosleeping. I wish I had known what I know now.

Vaccines makers put SIDS as a possible side effect in many of their warnings for vaccines since SIDS deaths do occur during trials, whether related or not. I was never informed of that. Alicyia was vaccinated on schedule. She died 3 weeks after her 4-month vaccines. My children are no longer vaccinated as the research that I have done has shown me there are too many unanswered questions in regards to SIDS and vaccines. And in general there are too many risks that outweigh the supposed benefits. Please do your own research; educate yourself, the answers are out there.

If you know someone who has lost a child never ever try to minimize it. The biggest gift you can give is to remember that child and let the parent know you remember. You will not be making the parent remember because believe me, there was never a moment when she forgot.

The best advice someone gave me after my youngest was born is just keep that baby close to you, to nurse him, to sleep with him, to wear him. God gave him to you perfectly and all you have to do is keep him close to you.

I lift my eyes to the hills where does my help come from? My help comes from the Lord, the Maker of heaven and earth. Psalm 121:1-2"

~Brandy Allen

Additional Resources:

The science behind co-sleeping:

Breastfeeding and co-sleeping:

Breastfeeding reduces SIDS cases:

Cited information about the importance of breastfeeding:

One of the best authoritative articles on co-sleeping by Dr. McKenna:

A basic, simple list to start researching vaccines: